Simulation#
- class pybamm.Simulation(model, experiment=None, geometry=None, parameter_values=None, submesh_types=None, var_pts=None, spatial_methods=None, solver=None, output_variables=None, C_rate=None)[source]#
A Simulation class for easy building and running of PyBaMM simulations.
- Parameters:
model (
pybamm.BaseModel
) – The model to be simulatedexperiment (
pybamm.Experiment
or string or list (optional)) – The experimental conditions under which to solve the model. If a string is passed, the experiment is constructed as pybamm.Experiment([experiment]). If a list is passed, the experiment is constructed as pybamm.Experiment(experiment).geometry (
pybamm.Geometry
(optional)) – The geometry upon which to solve the modelparameter_values (
pybamm.ParameterValues
(optional)) – Parameters and their corresponding numerical values.submesh_types (dict (optional)) – A dictionary of the types of submesh to use on each subdomain
var_pts (dict (optional)) – A dictionary of the number of points used by each spatial variable
spatial_methods (dict (optional)) – A dictionary of the types of spatial method to use on each domain (e.g. pybamm.FiniteVolume)
solver (
pybamm.BaseSolver
(optional)) – The solver to use to solve the model.output_variables (list (optional)) – A list of variables to plot automatically
C_rate (float (optional)) – The C-rate at which you would like to run a constant current (dis)charge.
- build(check_model=True, initial_soc=None)[source]#
A method to build the model into a system of matrices and vectors suitable for performing numerical computations. If the model has already been built or solved then this function will have no effect. This method will automatically set the parameters if they have not already been set.
- Parameters:
check_model (bool, optional) – If True, model checks are performed after discretisation (see
pybamm.Discretisation.process_model()
). Default is True.initial_soc (float, optional) – Initial State of Charge (SOC) for the simulation. Must be between 0 and 1. If given, overwrites the initial concentrations provided in the parameter set.
- build_for_experiment(check_model=True, initial_soc=None)[source]#
Similar to
Simulation.build()
, but for the case of simulating an experiment, where there may be several models and solvers to build.
- create_gif(number_of_images=80, duration=0.1, output_filename='plot.gif')[source]#
Generates x plots over a time span of t_eval and compiles them to create a GIF. For more information see
pybamm.QuickPlot.create_gif()
- plot(output_variables=None, **kwargs)[source]#
A method to quickly plot the outputs of the simulation. Creates a
pybamm.QuickPlot
object (with keyword arguments ‘kwargs’) and then callspybamm.QuickPlot.dynamic_plot()
.- Parameters:
output_variables (list, optional) – A list of the variables to plot.
**kwargs – Additional keyword arguments passed to
pybamm.QuickPlot.dynamic_plot()
. For a list of all possible keyword arguments seepybamm.QuickPlot
.
- save(filename)[source]#
Save simulation using pickle module.
- Parameters:
filename (str) – The file extension can be arbitrary, but it is common to use “.pkl” or “.pickle”
- save_model(filename: str | None = None, mesh: bool = False, variables: bool = False)[source]#
Write out a discretised model to a JSON file
- Parameters:
mesh (bool) – The mesh used to discretise the model. If false, plotting tools will not be available when the model is read back in and solved.
variables (bool) – The discretised variables. Not required to solve a model, but if false tools will not be availble. Will automatically save meshes as well, required for plotting tools.
filename (str, optional) – The desired name of the JSON file. If no name is provided, one will be created based on the model name, and the current datetime.
- set_up_and_parameterise_experiment()[source]#
Set up a simulation to run with an experiment. This creates a dictionary of inputs (current/voltage/power, running time, stopping condition) for each operating condition in the experiment. The model will then be solved by integrating the model successively with each group of inputs, one group at a time. This needs to be done here and not in the Experiment class because the nominal cell capacity (from the parameters) is used to convert C-rate to current.
- set_up_and_parameterise_model_for_experiment()[source]#
Set up self._model to be able to run the experiment (new version). In this version, a new model is created for each step.
This increases set-up time since several models to be processed, but reduces simulation time since the model formulation is efficient.
- solve(t_eval=None, solver=None, check_model=True, save_at_cycles=None, calc_esoh=True, starting_solution=None, initial_soc=None, callbacks=None, showprogress=False, **kwargs)[source]#
A method to solve the model. This method will automatically build and set the model parameters if not already done so.
- Parameters:
t_eval (numeric type, optional) –
The times (in seconds) at which to compute the solution. Can be provided as an array of times at which to return the solution, or as a list [t0, tf] where t0 is the initial time and tf is the final time. If provided as a list the solution is returned at 100 points within the interval [t0, tf].
If not using an experiment or running a drive cycle simulation (current provided as data) t_eval must be provided.
If running an experiment the values in t_eval are ignored, and the solution times are specified by the experiment.
If None and the parameter “Current function [A]” is read from data (i.e. drive cycle simulation) the model will be solved at the times provided in the data.
solver (
pybamm.BaseSolver
, optional) – The solver to use to solve the model. If None, Simulation.solver is usedcheck_model (bool, optional) – If True, model checks are performed after discretisation (see
pybamm.Discretisation.process_model()
). Default is True.save_at_cycles (int or list of ints, optional) – Which cycles to save the full sub-solutions for. If None, all cycles are saved. If int, every multiple of save_at_cycles is saved. If list, every cycle in the list is saved. The first cycle (cycle 1) is always saved.
calc_esoh (bool, optional) – Whether to include eSOH variables in the summary variables. If False then only summary variables that do not require the eSOH calculation are calculated. Default is True.
starting_solution (
pybamm.Solution
) – The solution to start stepping from. If None (default), then self._solution is used. Must be None if not using an experiment.initial_soc (float, optional) – Initial State of Charge (SOC) for the simulation. Must be between 0 and 1. If given, overwrites the initial concentrations provided in the parameter set.
callbacks (list of callbacks, optional) – A list of callbacks to be called at each time step. Each callback must implement all the methods defined in
pybamm.callbacks.BaseCallback
.showprogress (bool, optional) – Whether to show a progress bar for cycling. If true, shows a progress bar for cycles. Has no effect when not used with an experiment. Default is False.
**kwargs – Additional key-word arguments passed to solver.solve. See
pybamm.BaseSolver.solve()
.
- step(dt, solver=None, npts=2, save=True, starting_solution=None, **kwargs)[source]#
A method to step the model forward one timestep. This method will automatically build and set the model parameters if not already done so.
- Parameters:
dt (numeric type) – The timestep over which to step the solution
solver (
pybamm.BaseSolver
) – The solver to use to solve the model.npts (int, optional) – The number of points at which the solution will be returned during the step dt. Default is 2 (returns the solution at t0 and t0 + dt).
save (bool) – Turn on to store the solution of all previous timesteps
starting_solution (
pybamm.Solution
) – The solution to start stepping from. If None (default), then self._solution is used**kwargs – Additional key-word arguments passed to solver.solve. See
pybamm.BaseSolver.step()
.